Maintaining Vein Health What is Cerebrovascular Disease for Beginners

 Maintaining Vein Health What is Cerebrovascular Disease for Beginners


Eating foods high in fat content and living a sedentary lifestyle can easily lead to high cholesterol. While normal levels of cholesterol, a lipid produced by the liver, is essential for a healthy body, too much of it is dangerous. High cholesterol is simply having too much fat in your body. It can cause a narrowing of your arteries, and it puts you at risk for heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.


Maintaining Vein Health What is Cerebrovascular Disease for Beginners

What is a Cerebrovascular Disease?


Cerebrovascular disease is a group of conditions affecting blood flow to the brain. It can limit the amount of blood the brain gets, or it can prevent blood from getting to the brain. It can be caused by high cholesterol, which is a condition called atherosclerosis. The disease can also take the form of an aneurysm, which can also be caused by a buildup of cholesterol. Some of results of the disease are cerebral thrombosis, cerebral hemorrhages, and embolisms.


What are the Symptoms of Cerebrovascular Diseases?


While the symptoms of the disease can vary depending on the location of the thrombus, embolus, or hemorrhage, the general symptoms of a cerebrovascular attack, known as a CVA, include flaccid paralysis, which is weakening or loss of muscle tone. The patient may also lose his gag reflex and the ability to cough. Other symptoms include vomiting, seizures, fevers, or confusion that leads to a complete loss of consciousness.


Symptoms of a thrombotic CVA are a stroke in evolution. The patient experiences deterioration of motor and sensory abilities, as well as slow deterioration of speech. They also experience lethargy. Embolic CVA symptoms include a headache on the side of the embolus, deterioration of speech, sensory, and motor functions. The symptoms of a hemorrhagic CVA are a severe headache that comes on suddenly, the rapid appearance hemiplegia, which is paralysis of one side of the body, and stiffness of the neck. As the hemorrhage gets larger, the patient's neurologic functions worsen from a loss of consciousness to coma.


Who is at Risk for the Disease?


The people most susceptible to this disease are the elderly, those with a history of diabetes, smokers, or those with ischemic heart disease.


What are the Treatments for Cerebrovascular Disease?


The disease can be treated with medications such as aspirin, Dipyridamole, Ticlopidine, and Clopidogrel, which are all blood platelet inhibitors that have been known to help reduce the risk of strokes. A carotid angioplasty may be called for to help open the carotid artery to increase blood flow. A carotid endarterectomy may be done to open up blood flow as well. It involves an incision in the carotid artery and removal of plaque buildup by a dissection tool.


To prevent this disease, you should eat heart healthy foods to reduce the amount of cholesterol in your diet and get regular exercise. If you are a smoker, you should quit as it can aid in the buildup of plaque in your system as well. While most people consider the physical, dietary, and exercise issues related to cholesterol, other lifestyle management programs can be useful as well. For example, emotional regulation including a reduction in chronic stress and anger will help in prevention as well.

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