understanding fitness lingo

 By understanding fitness lingo


Have you ever found yourself talking to somebody at the gym and feeling completely lost because they were babbling on about eccentric and concentric contractions and anaerobic thresholds? Or maybe more common terms throw you for a loop even though you've heard them around before. A big part of getting fit is not only understanding why you want to be healthier and in better shape, but also understanding how exactly you plan to get that done. The workings of the human body are complicated, and although knowing every technical term and body process is hardly necessary to being healthy, understanding a key few can definitely help. Some of these are super simple, and others not so much, but here's a little mini-dictionary of common fitness terms, courtesty of eDiets:


understanding fitness lingo

  1. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP): Chemical energy at the cellular level that the body uses for all functions, including muscle contractions.
  2. Aerobic: In the presence of or with oxygen.
  3. Anaerobic: Without or not requiring oxygen.
  4. Aerobic system: Also known as aerobic glycolosis, an aerobic system is an oxygenated metabolic pathway that uses glycogen to make energy.
  5. Anaerobic Threshold (AT): The at which the body switches from getting its ATP (energy) from aerobic means to anaerobic means.
  6. Body Composition: What the body's made of, specifically comparing body fat to non-fat (muscle, bone, etc).
  7. Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Also called cardiovascular fitness, it's the body's ability to provide energy through large muscle movements over a sustained period (breathing, heart beat).
  8. Concentric: Also called 'positive work' it's when a muscle contracts against resistance
  9. Eccentric: Also called 'negative work' it's when a muscle lengthens against resistance
  10. Endurance Training: Conditioning exercise that continuously maintains an intensity of between 50 and 85% of the person's maximum functional capacity.
  11. Hypertrophy: An increase in the size of muscle cells (when your muscles grow bigger due to exercise)
  12. Intensity: How hard the body is working/the physiological stress on the body during exercise.
  13. Overload: The principle that the body will increase its functional capacity (ability) and strength as it needs to when faced with the stress/demands of exercise.
  14. Repetitions or "Reps": The number of successful contractions performed during a strength training exercise.
  15. Rate: The speed at which you perform repetitions of an exercise, usually measured in reps per minute.
  16. Resting Heart Rate: The number of heart beats per minute when the body is at complete rest.
  17. Set: A series of repetitions is one set.
  18. Target Heart-Rate Range: Where you want your heart rate to be while exercising/the appropriate target heart rate for training.
  19. Weight: How much you're lifting, pushing, pulling, etc., usually expressed in pounds.
  20. Wolff's Law: Principle stating that bone will stronger (denser) in response to demands and stress.


Are there any you would add to the list?

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